The Underrepresentation of Women in Corporate America

By Christian Coleman

The apparent absence of women in positions of authority in corporate America is a striking reminder of the workforce’s continuing gender inequality. Despite recent efforts to encourage diversity and inclusion, the glass ceiling remains firmly in place, hindering women’s advancement in leadership positions. While businesses seek to maintain a progressive façade, the reality is far from fair representation. It is necessary to shed light on the intricate dynamics that contribute to the marginalization of women in the workplace. Challenges and prejudices are, unfortunately, among those who belong to a racial or ethnic minority, individuals who identify as LGBTQ+, and those with disabilities. 

McKinsey & Company released their Women in the Workplace report in October, moving into its ninth year as women become more ambitious to supersede their male coworkers. Their report surveys 27,000 employees and 270 senior HR leaders who have provided insight and criticism of public policies and their impact on their practices. “The analysis showed that women have made gains in representation at senior levels and for the first time ever, female CEOs lead more than 10 percent of Fortune 500 companies. Still, women are slower at advancing in lower managerial and director-level positions, with men holding 60 percent of manager-level positions, and women holding just 40 percent (Council on Foreign Relations, 2023).” Unsurprisingly, compared to white women and men who share the same ethnicity and race, women of color are continuously left behind when it comes to analyzing the reduction of women being eligible for women in the workplace.

It is necessary to understand how to integrate gender equality, diversity, and inclusion policies not only in corporate America but across the board in all professions. For example, these include policies such as the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO), Sexual Harassment and Workplace Gender-Based Violence Policy, and the Equal Pay Act of 1963. These are only a handful of the policies apart from labor law in the U.S. However, there are ways to progress towards equality in the workplace, as frustrating as it may seem, especially for those just beginning their career and providing access to opportunities to grow and develop with training opportunities to balance leadership positions, ending discrimination against working mothers who do not have the means to afford childcare, fostering executive memberships for networking opportunities, and, of course, closing the wage gap on a federal and state level. 

The underrepresentation of women in corporate America is more than just a gender imbalance. It is a stark reminder of the fundamental issues that endure in our culture. As we have seen, there are several impediments to women’s advancement in the workplace, ranging from misconceptions and ignorance impeding the opportunity for growth and advancement. However, we must acknowledge the potential and intelligence that women bring to the workplace to fight to break down these obstacles actively. Achieving true gender equality in the workplace is more than simply a question of fairness. It is a necessary step toward encouraging innovation, creativity, and inclusion, assuring a more prosperous future for women and society.


Hey, I’m Christian and I’m currently a graduate student in Washington, D.C.  I’m most passionate about advocating for mental health, increasing access to higher education, and promoting equality in the workplace. Outside of education and advocacy I’m an avid book reader, traveler, and coffee lover!